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History of Utrecht.
 
Utrecht was found as a Roman city at the shores of the Rhine. The Roman name for the city was Traiectum, which means “a place to cross trough the river”. And was literary used as a trade-post where you could cross the river.

In the 7th century Brittish and Irish missionaries were send to under more Utrecht to convert the Frisians. Who lived in all of the northern Utrecht those days. Utrecht became the religious centre of The Netherlands meaning that the arch-bishop would live there. The first arch-bishop, Willebrordus. Another example of Utrecht’s religious importance is the fact that Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens was born there, to be the last non-Italian pope till John Paul II.

Utrecht as a religious centre has seen many churches. The last remaining and most famous one is the Saint Martin’s Cathedral, built in the 14th century. With the middle part being destroyed by a tornado (as a punishment of God for Catholics) the highest church tower of the country (122m) stands alone as the Domtoren.

As a religious city and that is strategically located it was off great military interest.
During the French occupation became one of the main targets for the French, in a war between France, England, the Netherlands, Cologne (Köln) and Münster.
The city-walls were out of use and the local authorities didn’t want to burn towns and farms around the city, to get a better view of the French. The French Catholized the city and fines and hostages were taken, in order to secure the safety of Utrecht when the French left again.
During the 4th English (1780) war the Netherlands were suffering in both militairy and economical ways. In Utrecht the dislike towards the government grew and the local representative of Stadhouder Willen V was overthrown. The city was now ruled by the Patriotten. Or the Patriots.
From 1784 onwards the Patriots organised meetings to govern their own city. On the 9th of may 1787 it came to a military issue when the national army tried to settle the old order again. Which the patriots won. At September the 17th the national army invaded Utrecht en restored order there.
            In the 2nd world war Utrecht was Germany’s 2nd bombing-target. But the surrender of the Dutch army prevented so.
Utrecht has always been a city of economic importance, since it’s central location. It lays at an intersection of certain rivers and canals. Making it an interesting site for traders. 
            These days Utrecht is one big transport hub for the country. High- and railways meet here, just as rivers and canals. Many business settle here and Utrecht is progressively underway to take over the economic crown from Rotterdam. The countries largest construction project is being developed in Utrecht. Living-district Leidsche Rijn will be the largest in it’s kind, habiting 80.000 Utrechters.
 

Preview of picture in folder The Pictures on General History of Utrecht

 

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